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D05 TYPOGRAPHY

REVIEW ACTIVITIES:

  • QUIZLET
  • STUDY STACK
  • KAHOOT PREVIEW
  • JEOPARDY GAME

VOCABULARY:  click links for detailed glossary page:

  • SERIF: a classification of a typeface with tapered corners on the ends of the letter stroke

  • SANS-SERIF: a classification of a typeface with no serifs

  • FONT: In typography, a set of all characters in a typeface at a particular type size

  • TYPEFACE: In typography, a specific variation within a type family, such as roman, italic, bold, etc.

  • TYPE STYLE: a specific attribute within a typeface’s family such as italic, bold, bold italic, condensed, expanded, black or outline.

  • TYPE FAMILY: a group of style variations of a single typeface such as weight, width, and slope that are designed to work together.

  • TEXT TYPE: type designed for body copy to be easily read in large quantities at small sizes (8 to 12 points)

  • DISPLAY TYPE: large or eye-catching type used for headings or advertisements (14 points & larger)

  • CHARACTERS: Any individual letter, numeral, or punctuation mark.

  • ASCENDER: the lowercase character stroke which extends above the x-height

  • DESCENDER: the lowercase character stroke which extends below the baseline

  • X-HEIGHT: The height equal to the height of the lowercase 'x' measured in points

  • BASELINE: the imaginary line upon which most letters sit

  • STROKE CONTRAST: the difference in thickness of the strokes of a character from the thickest to the thinnest

  • STRESS: the direction of the stroke weight when you draw a line through the thinnest points in the letter 

  • DROP CAP: The first letter of a paragraph that is enlarged to "drop" down two or more lines

  • LIGATURE: Character pairs which have been re-designed as optional single characters such as &

  • TYPE SIZE: The height of a typeface from the top of the tallest letterform to the bottom of the lowest one, measured in points.

  • POINTS: the measurement to indicate the VERTICAL size of type and space between lines (leading)

  • PICAS: the measurement typically used to represent the HORIZONTAL type or page measurements

  • KERNING: adjusting the space between two pairs of letters to create a visually even texture and improve readability

  • TRACKING: adjusting the space between groups of letters or entire text blocks to change line length and readability

  • LEADING: the space between lines of type from baseline to baseline measured in points.

  • SET SOLID: when the point size of a font is set equal to leading.

  • RIGHT ALIGNED: text that is aligned along the right margin or gutter with ragged lines on the left

  • LEFT ALIGNED: text that is aligned along the left margin or gutter with ragged right lines on the right

  • CENTERED ALIGNMENT: text is not even on the left or right margin but there is an even gap on each side of each line

  • JUSTIFIED ALIGNMENT: text that lines up evenly on both the left and right sides except for the last line of a paragraph

  • FORCED JUSTIFIED: text that lines up evenly on both the left and right sides AND forces the last line to also end at the right margin

  • WIDOWS: when the last line of a paragraph is less than one-third the width of the line

  • ORPHANS: when the last line of a paragraph falls alone at the top of a column

  • LEGIBILITY: the ease with which a reader can recognize individual characters in a text determined by typeface design

  • READABILITY: the ease with which a reader can recognize words, sentences, and paragraphs determined by type usage

UNIT RESOURCES:

@CURRICULUM




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