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VOCABULARY:  click links for detailed glossary page:

  • INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY: an idea or creation of the mind made real in a form we can touch, see, or hear, for which the law provides exclusive rights to the creator

  • PATENT: an exclusive right granted to anyone who invents any new, useful, and non-obvious process.

  • TRADEMARK: protects words, names, symbols, sounds, or colors that distinguish goods and services.

  • TRADE SECRET: information that companies keep secret to give them an advantage over their competitors.

  • COPYRIGHT: the legal protection for original works of authorship that are fixed in a tangible form of expression.

  • TANGIBLE FORM: a creative work recorded in some physical medium, whether on paper, canvas, or computer memory

  • DERIVATIVE WORK: a new, original product that includes aspects of a preexisting, already copyrighted work.

  • COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT: the unauthorized or illegal use of copyrighted works.

  • FAIR USE: a legal defense to permit limited use of copyrighted material for news reporting, parody or education without acquiring permission.

  • PUBLIC DOMAIN: when intellectual property is not protected by law but instead belongs to the public as a whole.

  • ROYALTY: payment for a license to copy or use a copyrighted work for a single use

  • ROYALTY FREE: a license to use or copy a copyrighted work unlimited number of times

  • TALENT RELEASE: a document in which a person gives someone permission to use a photo or video recording of themselves

  • PROPERTY RELEASE: a document in which an owner gives someone permission to use pictures of his/her property for commercial purposes

  • CREATIVE COMMONS: a simple standardized way to grant limited copyright permissions to creative work

  • ATTRIBUTION: requiring credit to the author of a work used in another's work, usually in the form Copyright (C) 2000 authors name.

  • NON COMMERCIAL: copyright license that does not allow a work to be used in any type of commerce or making money activities

  • NO DERIVATIVES: copyright license that does not allow any derivatives such as remixes or other modifications

  • SHARE ALIKE: copyright license that requires copies or derivatives of a work to be released under the same license as the original.