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COLOR

DEFINITION

element of art that is produced when light, striking an object, is reflected back to the eye

EXTENDED DEFINITION

  • Color depends on light because it is made of light.
    • There must be light for us to see color.
    • A red shirt will not look red in the dark, where there is no light.
  • The whiter the light, the more true the colors will be.
    • A yellow light on a full-color painting will change the appearance of all the colors.
  • color made up of three properties: hue, value, and intensity. •
    • Hue: name of color
    • Value: hue’s lightness and darkness (a color’s value changes when white or black is added)
    • Saturation / Intensity: quality of brightness and purity (high intensity= color is strong and bright; low intensity= color is faint and dull)

STUDY GUIDE & EXAMPLES

Elements of Art: Color | KQED Arts

Virtual Art Lesson - Color

 

COLOR IN FINE ART

Pierre Auguste Renoir - "Fruits from the Midi", 1881

Renoir painted this painting to emphasize the color and richness of the vegetables and fruits of France. It is basically a cool color with warm accents. Renoir was an Impressionist painter who used color to show depth and volume in his paintings.

Source: Elements and Principles of Design: Student Guide with Activities, published by Crystal Productions

COLOR IN GRAPHIC DESIGN

Black Cat Menu
Dennis Clouse
Cyclone Design

This menu is designed using all warm tones. Warm tones consist of any color on the warm side of the spectrum: yellows, reds, oranges and purples. The effect is great for a menu because it communicates a comfortable feeling and a compatibility with food. Could you imagine this same menu done in cool tones: blues and greens? The effect would be completely different. It is no coincidence that most fast-food restaurants use yellows and reds for their identities. These colors have been shown to be among the most appetizing.

Source: Design Basics for Creative Results by Bryan L. Peterson

 

OTHER REFERENCES / LINKS



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