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VOCABULARY:  click links for detailed glossary page:

  • HOT LIGHTS: a powerful light that is continuously on; used most often in theater or video or TV

  • STROBE: a light that fires only a fraction of a second and is not continuously on

  • MODELING LIGHT: a bulb inside a strobe unit used to set up a shot and judge how the flash will illuminate the subject

  • REFLECTOR: a device used to reflect light back on the subject to fill in shadow areas

  • DIFFUSER: translucent material in front of a light that spreads and softens the light

  • UMBRELLA: a modifier that reflects the light onto the subject; it is attached to the strobe

  • SOFT BOX: a rectangular diffuser used to minimize shadows and soften hard light

  • BEAUTY DISH: a reflector with built in light that reflects the light onto the subject

  • LIGHTING TABLE: small subjects like commercial products (perfume, jewelry, etc.) photographed on a flat surface (not the floor)

  • AMBIENT LIGHT: the general light already surrounding the shooting area; light that we do not introduce; pre-existing

  • BARN DOORS: devices/flaps that you put on your lights to change the amount of light that is directed at your subject

  • FLAG: a device such as a large black rectangle used to block light, cast a shadow, or provide negative fill in a lighting setup.

  • SNOOT: cone in front of the light that make a circle with the light, to illuminate a small area

  • SCRIM: a screen-like mesh in front of light to bring down intensity

  • GRID: a honeycomb like light modifier that helps control harsh light.

  • SYNC SPEED: maximum speed of the shutter through which you get a clear photo when attached to studio lighting

  • SYNC CORD: a cord that allows the camera to control the flash so it flashes at the right time

  • C-STAND: a light stand that can be collapsed for easy storage

  • SEAMLESS BACKDROP: a backdrop used in photography to make sure there is no harsh transition from the wall to the floor

  • LIGHT METER: an device that measures the intensity of light and calculates proper exposure

  • INCIDENT METERING: measure of the intensity of light falling on a subject, more accurate than a reflected metering

  • REFLECTED METERING: measure of the intensity of light reflecting off the subject